Chapter 3


3.1 Logging on to a Terminal Account

Now that you have an account at VSNL, have your modem connected, and have the software configured, you are ready to log on to the VSNL's Terminal account.

In the dialing directory of your communication software, e.g. Procomm Plus for DOS, Telix for DOS (a shareware program) or Procomm for Windows, enter the dial-up telephone numbers for VSNL's Terminal account service. For Mumbai, these numbers currently are 265-9045, 264-1520, and 431-5836, but they are subject to change as notified by VSNL, from time to time. For each number enter the terminal emulation, data bits, stop bits and parity. Usually a menu, e.g. the Revise command in Procomm Plus for DOS in the dialing directory, will walk you through these steps.

In your dialing directory, highlight (select) VSNL's number and dial out by pressing the <enter> key. You will hear the modem sending tones or pulses.

When your modem connects to VSNL's modem, you will hear squealing noises coming out of the modem's speaker as they establish contact and exchange protocols. Now you are connected to VSNL. The first screen welcoming you to VSNL, as shown in Fig 3-1, will be displayed on your monitor:

Fig. 3-1 First screen as you logon to VSNL's Terminal account.

On-line to VSNL 8 SHELL at 9600 baud



Trying ... Open

Digital UNIX ( (ttypd)

login: rajm

Your cursor is at the login prompt. Type in your userid given to you by VSNL, and press <enter>. Then you will come to the Password prompt. Type in the password given to you by VSNL, press <enter>, and you will see a welcoming screen by VSNL. You are now logged on to your account at VSNL. The screen which appears on your monitor is as follows:

Fig. 3-2 The second screen you will see when you logon to VSNL's Terminal account

Last login: Tue Apr 9 19:34:35 from

DECnet/OSI for Digital UNIX V3.2A-0 (Rev. 23.17); Thu Sep 7 11:16:08 EDT 1995
Digital UNIX V3.2C (Rev. 148); Tue Feb 27 18:01:44 IST 1996

Digital UNIX V3.2C Worksystem Software (Rev. 148)


Fig 3-3 The third screen you will encounter as you logon to VSNL's Terminal account






You have mail.
Press <Enter> to continue.

At this point, as you press <enter> to proceed, the First Menu screen will appear, with 10 items, as shown in Fig. 3-4.

Fig. 3-4 First Menu screen


Select options by no. :

H. Help - List of commands on UNIX Prompt
0. Logout - Logout of the system
1. E-mail - Electronic mail service
2. FTP - File Transfer service
3. Telnet - Log on to another system
4. Lynx - World Wide Web browser (WWW)
5. Chat - Internet Relay Chat (IRC)
6. Kermit - Transfer files to your PC
7. New Password - Change your password
8. Zmodem download - Download files thru Zmodem
9. Zmodem upload - Upload files thru Zmodem
10. UNIX Prompt - Exit to UNIX prompt

Your Selection :


Now you are ready to do some useful work with you account. First of all let me explain the first two items of the First Menu shown in figure 3-4 above. Selection "H" (i.e. Help) gives list of UNIX commands that are available to you from the UNIX prompt and they are discussed in detail in chapter 13. Selection "0" ("zero") logs you out of the your account and is explained in the next section.

You are very strongly advised to change your password, to something different from the one given to you by VSNL -- to one of your own picking. How to do this is explained in Chapter 10.

3.2 Logging out of a Terminal Account

It may be necessary for you to stop your work on the computer at any time. For this purpose, it is advisable to get out of the account and log off in an orderly manner. If the electrical power is accidentally disconnected or you just turn off the power to your equipment, several emergency shut-down systems in your software, hardware, and at VSNL's server will shut things down and log you out, but there is a small chance of losing some data. As a routine procedure, you should log out through the software.

To log out, select item "0" and this will log you out. Alternatively you could select item "10" on the First Menu and you will come to the UNIX prompt which will be your userid followed by ">". Since my userid is rajm, I would get the following prompt:


Type "exit" and press <enter>, and this logs you off the account. Something similar to what is shown in Fig. 3-5 will be displayed on your screen.

Fig. 3-5 Logout messages on your screen

Local -418- Logged out port 12

Local -010- Session 1 to TELNET on node name established

Digital UNIX ( (ttyse)


You can now close down the application programs you are using on your computer and shut it off as instructed by your software.

3.3 Logging on to TCP/IP Account

TCP/IP stack would have to be installed in windows for you to access the account. Appendix B gives details about installation of the TCP/IP stack for windows 3.1/3.11 and for windows 95. As a part of this installation, a telephone dialer will be automatically installed. Since Windows95 has become a popular operating system, following discussion will be in its context. However, whatever discussed will apply to other TCP/IP stacks and very similar procedure to login to the account will have to be followed.

For Windows95 you should bring the icon for the dialer (e.g. shortcut to VSNL), which is configured for VSNL available on the desktop, as it will make it easier to start the dialing. After you click on the icon the dialer window will appear on your screen and clicking on connect will start the dialing process via your modem. After connection is made, a Post-Dial Terminal Screen will show up, which will require your username and Password as shown in following Fig.3-6.

Fig. 3-6 Post-Dial Terminal Screen

User Access Verification

Username: i4u@bom2



Entering PPP mode.

Async interface address is unnumbered (Ethernet0)
Your IP address is MTU is 1500 bytes

~~}#@!}!b} }4}"}&} }*} } }%}&tw0}'}"}(}"14~~}#@!}!c} }4}"}&} }*} } }%}&tw0}'}"}(}"x'~~}#@!}!d} }4}"}&} }*} } }%}&tw0}'}"}(}"4G~~}#@!}!e} }4}"}&} }*} } }%}&tw0}'}"}(}"}]T~~}#@!}!f} }4}"}&} }*

After you have supplied username (which in this case i4u@bom2, and the Password (which I am not going to tell you). You will get a router prompt which in this case happens to be:


At this prompt you will have to type "ppp" and hit <Cr> or Enter. You will then see information about the IP address which is dynamically assigned to this session of TCP/IP and some other technical stuff followed by junk characters.

Please note, that before you proceed, you must see the junk characters as they establish the necessary ppp portocol connection. At this point you will have either press F7 or click on "Continue " to proceed. The Post-Dialup Terminal screen will disappear and a window will show up—titled "connecting to VSNL"; in which at first it will be attempting to verify your username and password and then will inform you that you are logging on to the Network. Then after it has logged on to the the Internet in the window it will say, the window title will say "connected to VSNL". You should minimize this window and now it will appear on our taskbar of Windows95. Now you are connected to Internet and in fact our computer is sitting on the Internet with an IP address.

At this point you can start any of the TCP/IP applications e.g. browser, an email client like Eudora or whichever large number of applications which are been written for TCP/IP.

3.4 Logging out from TCP/IP Account

After you have finished your session i.e. whatever you wanted to do and want to log out, you need to maximize the window "Connected to VSNL" and click on disconnect. Your modem at this point will drop the carrier.

3.5 Loging on to your Account from any city with VSNL server:

Suppose that you are you are lucky enough to travel to different metros actually (rather than traveling in cyberspace) and you want to check your email or do surfing. You may think that you have to connect to your account via an STD call! But there is an easier and inexpensive way to using your accounts.

VSNL has provided this facility to log on to your shell account as well as use your TCP/IP account from any city with either VSNL or DOT server for Internet.

a) Logging on to your Terminal or Shell account from other cities

Procedure is very simple. In a given city, in this case since we are in Mumbai, you dial in to any of the Shell or Terminal Account numbers and you will get the screen shown in Fig. 3-7.

Fig. 3-7 Logging on to the shell account from different city.

1. Logon to giasbm01
2. Logon to giasbm02
3. Logon to bom3
4. Exit

Selection: 1

Trying ... Open

Digital UNIX ( (ttyt8)

login: guest
(Password to key in is: gias123. This will not be displayed on the screen)

At the login: prompt enter "guest" and at the Password: prompt enter "gias123". Then what you will in the final screen is shown in Fig. 3-8. The top part would have rush past and you will see only the menu in the end asking you to choose the server in the city where your account is issued.

Fig. 3-8 Menu for the cities to log onto


1. Login to DELHI SERVER1 - giasdl01
2. Login to DELHI SERVER2 - giasdl02
3. Login to MADRAS SERVER1 - giasmd01
4. Login to MADRAS SERVER2 - giasmd02
5. Login to PUNE SERVER - giaspn01
6. Login to CALCUTTA SERVER - giascl01
7. Login to BANGALORE SERVER - giasbg01
8. Login to AHEMADABAD SERVER - ad1
9. Login to HYDERABAD SERVER - hd1
10. Login to LUCKNOW SERVER - lw1
11. Login to CHANDIGARH SERVER - ch1
12. Login to JAIPUR SERVER - jp1

13. Exit

Enter your choice :-

Once you have selected the city to log on to you are on the server on your home town and then you can log on like you normally do and proceed with the work you wish to accomplish. The Terminal account phone numbers in different cities is given in Appendix A

b.) Roaming TCP/IP Dial-up Facility

VSNL has offered roaming TCP/IP dialup facility to give full Internet access for customers who are moving from one GIAS/DOT node to another. Customer needs to provide full e-mail address at username: prompt as follows:


Authentication will be done at the respective centre where the customer is registered.
The TCP/IP access numbers are given in
Appendix A

3.6 Logging on to your Shell or Terminal Account from Anywhere in the World

If you are one of the lucky ones who is roaming around the world and want to check your mail in on any VSNL server, you can do that. However, to be able to do that you will have to have access to someone’s account in the city you are visiting or you can go to, now becoming popular, at least in the USA, the cyber cafes. The basic requirement is that you have "telnet" access. Telnet is a service on the Internet as we have discussed in Chapter 6. Most of the time you have an UNIX prompt when you log on to someone’s Shell account or you are directly on to the telnet prompt. In case you are at the UNIX prompt you type, "telnet" and you are now at "telnet" prompt. At telnet prompt you type the address of your VSNL server. In the following example we telneting to jaipur server:

telnet.> open

Once you are connected to this machine, which is your VSNL server at home, you can use it on the shell as if you are sitting at home on your computer.


Top of the Chapter
Chapter 2 Internet in India
Chapter 4 Using E-mail (Electronic Mail)
Table of Contents